The difference and origin between the hottest coll

2022-07-25
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The difference and origin between collaborative software and OA

in 2005, collaborative software has gone through five years in China. Under the advocacy of a group of professional collaborative software manufacturers such as click and Xieda, the market and products of collaborative software in China have gradually become mature, and the user demand has shown an explosive growth trend, which is called the "blowout" phenomenon of collaborative software by the media

the popularity of collaborative software in China is mainly due to the needs of customers. With the popularization of Internet and the continuous upgrading and improvement of enterprise networks, the application demand based on Internet has gradually exploded, especially the emergence of outsourcing, global office and other business models, which makes it very necessary for multiple people and organizations to complete a work through collaboration. Many of these requirements cannot be realized by existing software products, which is where the market space of collaborative software lies. Every manufacturer entering the collaborative software market has different ideas, and the functional positioning of collaborative software products is also different. In terms of the current collaborative software applications in China, more than 50% are used in administrative office management, and less than 50% are mainly distributed in government functions, personnel, customers, suppliers, etc. CPC applied in product collaborative manufacturing is still relatively rare

due to the wide application of collaboration software in the field of administrative office, many people equate collaboration software with OA (office automation) software. In fact, although collaborative software and OA are inextricably linked, there are differences in software functions and application concepts between collaborative software and OA, which cannot be simply equated

1. From the perspective of nouns, the difference between independent investment projects

collaboration software refers to those collaboration software tools that aim at team collaboration, mainly including group collaboration management, such as workflow management, project management, etc; Various communication software, such as e-mail, instant messaging, VoIP, etc. With the development of network and communication technology and the proposal of user globalization, the concept of collaborative software has also given new meaning. For example, it combines a variety of technologies and means such as Internet, workflow, instant messaging and SOA. Or it can be considered that collaborative applications such as collaborative office, collaborative government and collaborative commerce, as well as collaborative platforms such as workflow management, project management, knowledge management and information portal, as well as collaborative tools such as e-mail, instant messaging, remote video and workflow tools, constitute our current collaborative software

oa is a new office mode combining modern office and computer technology. The software and hardware systems supporting this mode are called OA software or OA hardware. OA has a long history of development in China both in concept and application. In a narrow sense, OA refers to the application software needed to assist the administrative office, mainly including: document management, notice, announcement, work schedule, work plan summary, office resource sharing management, etc. In addition to the above contents, OA in a broad sense also includes all software and hardware products related to office management, including typing, copying and other hardware used in the office, as well as word table software. Before the mid-1990s, finance, personnel and other software were also included in the category of OA software because they solved the management needs of office automation related to finance and personnel

from the above concepts about collaborative software and OA, we can see that although collaborative software and Oa have many similarities in application and even overlap in function, there are fundamental differences between them. Collaborative software pays more attention to the collaboration between groups, focusing on workflow, communication and other aspects; OA software is based on computer technology to record and reflect office materials and work items

2. From the perspective of history, OA related concepts and software products have a long history in China. Since the late 1970s, China has successively implemented the pilot work of office automation, including accounting computerization. By the mid-1990s, the state and enterprises began to invest a lot of human and material resources in OA. At that time, the application of OA was only to improve personal office efficiency, such as transferring manual printing to computer printing, or using simple database software to write programs to establish employee file data and search for internal information. However, the essence of OA is to improve the overall effect of offices or enterprises. Only the office software system developed in the sense of CSCW (Computer Supported Cooperative Work) can improve the overall office performance. Therefore, since 2000, many domestic software manufacturers began to introduce the concepts and functions related to collaborative management into the traditional OA application software

since then, many professional collaborative software research and promotion institutions have emerged in China. Fudan Xieda is one of the first expert institutions to enter the collaborative software field. It mainly focuses on the collaborative workflow field and has successfully developed a dynamic workflow device and a collaboration application platform (CAP). Another company, click technology, which has made the largest contribution to the market promotion of collaborative software, has successfully launched collaborative tool software and platform software to solve the requirements of remote communication and instant communication, mainly in the field of instant messaging

the concept and technology of collaborative application have been most widely used in OA, and have promoted a qualitative leap in traditional OA. OA, which integrates the concept of collaboration, can be called "collaborative OA" or "collaborative OA". Its functional core has changed from the recording of work data and the reflection of work items to the focus on the cooperation between groups to complete many work items. Before the emergence of collaborative OA, several generations of OA software products have appeared in China. Up to now, OA software has gone through the following four stages in China:

many customers can't find the first generation OA selling standard blocks after buying ultrasonic flaw detectors. Focusing on single transactions, OA software is based on a single machine and oriented to the processing of individual transactions. Features: it solves the basic requirements for electronic text input, printing, archiving, etc.

disadvantages: it only solves single transactions, Poor relevance between transactions

the second generation OA is centered on relational data management

transaction processing based on a single machine and facing individuals or teams

features: it solves the management needs of data or files and reflects a certain degree of relevance between data

disadvantages: poor collaborative work ability, poor enterprise level information integration ability

the third generation OA is centered on the recording and reflection of multiple events

based on local area, Multi event oriented recording

features: it partially solves the association and recording of multiple events in the office, and improves work efficiency

disadvantages: it is unable to realize complex processes and lacks effective collaboration with other management

the fourth generation OA, which is workflow centric

based on the Internet network, supports mobile office

Abstract management basic elements, and associates various management elements

workflow centric, Combining various management elements and business resources

is highly integrated with knowledge management, project management, etc.

displays

3 through the information portal (employee portal and enterprise portal, etc.) system. From the perspective of products, the development of

collaborative software has a deep origin and close relationship with OA, which makes it easy for people to confuse collaborative software and OA. We can further understand the difference between collaborative software and OA by analyzing the two groups of software with different concepts and their development

according to the difference between ERP and financial software, the application scope of collaboration software and OA is different. In 1998, ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) began to be widely valued in China. Many software manufacturers engaged in financial software and mrp/mrp business have turned to ERP. Among them, the transformation of financial software manufacturers is the most successful, and UFIDA and Kingdee are outstanding representatives. Due to historical reasons and the intentional misleading of some manufacturers, some users have been difficult to distinguish between financial software and ERP. Is the financial software ERP software? The theoretical circle should be very clear, but at the user level, it is often difficult to distinguish. In fact, part of ERP is oriented to financial management, and those financial software based on ERP can be regarded as an organic part of ERP. Financial software can not be equated with ERP, especially those traditional financial centered software can not be labeled with ERP. Referring to the difference between ERP and financial software, it can be seen that the application scope of collaboration software and OA is different from that of Beijing Kunming Expressway and Beijing Xinjiang expressway. For example, xeida Ctop collaboration software adopts the world's advanced SOA (Services Oriented Architecture) technology, and the functional features of "what you see is what you get" and "on demand" make the software flexible and open. It can not only realize the application of OA, but also be applied to personnel, customers, supply and other fields, and even support government business processing Enterprise CPC (Collaborative Product Commerce) application

according to the difference between ERP and MIS, the core concepts of collaborative software and OA are different. MIS (Management Information System) was once a widely used computer application concept. This concept almost came into being at the same time with the computer application in China, and has experienced decades of development. After the emergence of ERP, MIS is less and less mentioned. Different from the difference between ERP and financial software, the difference between ERP and MIS does not lie in the functions covered, but in their respective core concepts. Like MIS, ERP also covers all aspects of human, financial, material, production, supply and marketing management. However, ERP takes the concept of "resource planning" as the core to build different levels of management, while MIS system is only the collection, recording and feedback of information. Referring to the difference between ERP and MIS, it can be seen that even in a broad sense, OA software when the hanging East workbench moves downward can include all aspects related to office, but the theoretical basis of collaborative software is different from OA. OA emphasizes the "automatic" recording and reflection of various work materials by means of computers, while collaborative software such as Fudan Xieda and click technology focuses on the collaboration and communication of groups and teams

strictly speaking, it is difficult for us to fully explain the difference between collaborative software and OA based on the difference between the above two groups of software. However, by analyzing the above two groups of software, we can clarify the confusion between the concept of collaborative software and OA in the industry, and see the overall development direction of collaborative software in the future

like the introduction of ERP concept into financial software and the replacement of enterprise MIS system by ERP, traditional OA, e-government, e-commerce and other software will fully absorb the concept of collaborative management and become collaborative OA, collaborative government and collaborative commerce. At present, the concept and application of collaborative software are still in the period of popularization. The correct guidance of collaborative software is conducive to the healthy and stable development of this industry. We should not only clear up many doubts about collaborative software, welcome and promote the era of collaborative software with a more positive attitude, but also prevent the label of "collaboration" from being posted wantonly, so as to avoid the occurrence of "ERP generalization" in the field of collaborative software. (end)

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