How to change the embarrassing situation that PX p

2022-08-14
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How to change the embarrassing situation that PX projects have nowhere to land

PX is mainly used in the textile industry. As an important chemical raw material, PX is indispensable to our life. China is a large textile production and export country, and its demand for raw polyester is very large, and then its upstream industry PX is also very large. In recent ten years, the continuous growth of PX demand has led to the continuous increase of PX's external dependence. The import dependence increased from 15.6% in 1997 to 44% in 2012, but it is still facing the current situation of increasing supply gap

however, at present, the investment and construction of domestic PX projects are facing great resistance from the people where the projects are located, and face the embarrassing situation of nowhere to land. How to change this lose lose situation

px is mainly used in the textile industry. As an important chemical raw material, PX is indispensable to our life. The development of PX industry itself will be affected by the upstream and downstream, especially the downstream demand. China is a large textile production and export country, and there is a great demand for raw polyester, and then there is a great demand for PX, the upstream industry of polyester. In recent ten years, the continuous growth of PX demand has led to the increasing external dependence of PX. The import dependence can be summarized into two methods when the search engine generates the summary from 19: one is the "static" method, which increased from 15.6% in 1997 to 44% in 2012. In the first half of 2013, the total domestic PX imports reached 4.389 million tons, a sharp increase of 48% over the same period in 2012

if the newly increased domestic PX capacity cannot keep up with the growth of demand, the degree of external dependence will further increase. In addition, the domestic supply gap of PX will increase due to various factors such as the regular maintenance of production units that have been put into operation. Due to the huge demand in China, there is pressure on the price of domestic end consumer goods and imported px. Only by improving the self-sufficiency rate can the situation of high price imports be changed, and the production costs of enterprises in the corresponding domestic industrial chain be reduced to maintain stable domestic prices

however, at present, the investment and construction of domestic PX projects are facing great resistance from the people where the projects are located. From the Xiamen PX incident in 2007, to the Dalian Fujia PX incident in 2011, the Ningbo PX incident in 20122, the steel weldment PX incident in 2013, and the Kunming PX incident in 2013, the projects that have been launched have been forced to relocate or shut down, and the projects that have not yet started construction have also been suspended due to public pressure. No one wants to see this lose lose situation. To change the embarrassing experience of the PX project, the most important thing is to change the public's understanding of the PX project, because if the root cause of the problem or the anti stress strength of the non-standard state test can reach the safety anti stress standard, it may not be the PX project itself, but effective communication

the main reason why people oppose the implementation of PX project is that they are worried about the impact on their own living environment, which is understandable and can be eliminated. On the one hand, the toxicity of PX is basically at the same level as gasoline and diesel, and modern technology makes the risk factor of PX project very low. A standard PX project is generally safe and has little pollution. There is no evidence that it is carcinogenic and teratogenic. The distance between PX projects and residential areas is not required to reach the so-called 100 kilometers. Many PX projects in developed countries or regions are approved to be built near the urban area. For example, ExxonMobil's PX device in Jurong is only km away from the residential area of Singapore's main island, and waste paper is not involved in this tariff increase list (the first four customs numbers are 4707); Some PX factories in Japan and South Korea are only 10 kilometers away from residential areas

on the other hand, although similar to the production of other chemical products, PX low pollution does not mean that PX projects have no risks, but this risk is predictable, preventable and controllable. The key to the problem is to convince the domestic people that the government and enterprises have the ability to control this risk. It is precisely this lack of trust that has led to the obstruction of PX projects in China

therefore, the root of this distrust also lies in the government and enterprises. Because PX projects can bring huge pulling effect to the local economy, some local governments are eager to introduce projects and set up projects in the absence of strict project demonstration, environmental assessment or planning assessment; Even though some passed various approvals, they intentionally or unintentionally ignored the effective communication with the surrounding people, the largest stakeholder. People have few channels to participate in decision-making on issues related to their living environment rights, and some projects do not even have the minimum right to know. In this case of serious information asymmetry, people who are sensitive to environmental issues are prone to group or even irrational behavior. At this time, the government had no choice but to promise to dismount the PX project under pressure, which further damaged the credibility of the government. When people in other places followed suit, China's PX project was almost nowhere to land

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